Analysis of the Reach of a Tax to Carbon Dioxide Emissions

Universidad Nacional del Nordeste - Facultad de Derecho, Ciencias Políticas y Sociales

April 18, 2016 | 4 ′ 22 ′′


Analysis of the Reach of a Tax to Carbon Dioxide Emissions


An investigation deals with the viability of implementing a tax to carbon dioxide emissions in Argentina as an incentive to the use of renewable energies. The project’s objectives are focused in advancing in legislation drafts in addition to the active participation in environmental education. They highlight the need to progress in measures to control contaminating emissions.

The project is carried out in the School of Law and Social and Political Sciences of the UNNE and it integrates a wider project called “Taxes as environmental protection economic instruments”.

“The tax to carbon dioxide is an economic instrument used by many countries effectively, but in Argentina there is no law or official program in this sense, despite carbon dioxide is the main contaminating source” explained to Argentina Investiga Professor Dora Ayala, director of the project carried out by the students and scholarship holder Anabella Espósito. She indicated that this kind of tribute does not have a profit aim in itself, but it seeks to discourage contaminating energies and encourage the use of renewable energies.

The tax on carbon is an environmental tax on carbon dioxide, greenhouse effect gas, which intends to limit its use. It discourages contaminating emissions and orders polluters to pay in proportion with their emissions. The tax impact on the final products increases their prices compared to the emissions that their production has caused.

Anabella Espósito, who is the project’s author, explained that the research emerged after observing the notorious relevance that dioxide emissions have in Argentina within the different contaminating sources and how the tax to dioxide is implanted in many countries or at least generates a debate about it. Consequently, “the study’s objective is to analyze the tax viability in the Argentinean legislation and to compare it with other international laws”.

She explained that at world level, in relation to the tax to carbon dioxide, there are three groups of countries: those which adopt the green taxes to carbon dioxide like Finland; those which went further and adopted tax reforms to apply not only the tax to carbon dioxide, but to other gases and contaminating sources, and finally a group of countries that are debating whether to apply a tax to carbon dioxide.

Espósito indicated that the study they carry out in order to analyze the viability of this tax is not only framed in the Argentinean legislation, but also in the Mercosur’s. She added that within the Argentinean legislation there are grounds to frame the figure of a tax to carbon dioxide. Our country is not adhered to Kyoto protocol, but it is committed not to increase contaminating emissions.

About how the tax would be applied, Professor Ayala explained that there is a taxable basis defined by the level of emissions and it is especially focused in the activity of industries or big polluters. “The specific application way is complementary and the important element is the availability of a legal frame that enables the tax on carbon dioxide as a way of controlling the main contaminating source. The tax to carbon dioxide is nationally regulated by being a responsibility of the National State”, she remarked.

Ayala expressed that at international level, the countries that apply this tax do it together with a strong consciousness raising and education action, as comply with it demands a strong citizen commitment to value the environment. The project’s perspectives are based in advancing on legislation drafts, but it specially intends to participate actively in environmental education departing from the promotion of environmental taxes and particularly carbon dioxide tax as an alternative to eradicate high contamination levels.

Juan Monzón Gramajo
monzongramajo@hotmail.com
José Goretta
Departamento de Comunicación Institucional


Campos de la Depresión del Salado ayudan a enfriar el planeta

Campos de la Depresión del Salado ayudan a enfriar el planeta

Un estudio comparó dos manejos ganaderos en la región y determinó que el pastoreo adaptativo en pastizales naturales puede elevar 100% la producción de carne, con altos márgenes brutos y una particularidad: baja la concentración de gases de efecto invernadero en la atmósfera.

Impulsan la producción de ladrillos con desechos de maní

Impulsan la producción de ladrillos con desechos de maní

La investigadora Mariana Gatani lleva adelante una iniciativa basada en el desarrollo sustentable a partir de una mirada innovadora, accesible y cuidadosa del ambiente. El proyecto propone generar materiales para la construcción con cáscaras de oleaginosa e impulsar su elaboración por parte de las trabajadoras de la Cooperativa 20 de Octubre, en el marco de un programa del Instituto Municipal de la Vivienda.

Bolsas de plástico, plantean una nueva manera de reciclarlas

Bolsas de plástico, plantean una nueva manera de reciclarlas

Científicos de Santa Fe desarrollaron un sistema para procesar el polietileno de baja densidad y producir combustibles. La técnica empleada por los especialistas se llama reciclado terciario y se diferencia de otras que implican la reutilización de materiales sin ningún tipo de procesamiento, o de las que incluyen el reprocesamiento pero con pérdida de calidad.

Evapotranspiración, determinan el uso eficiente del agua de riego en plantaciones de olivo

Evapotranspiración, determinan el uso eficiente del agua de riego en plantaciones de olivo

Investigadores llevaron a cabo un estudio basado en la observación a través de imágenes satelitales y mediciones a campo para determinar la evapotranspiración de la planta de olivo y el uso eficiente de agua de riego en esas plantaciones. Entre los primeros resultados del estudio se advirtió que es poco eficiente el uso del agua de riego en fincas de la zona; y la demanda de agua de este cultivo.

Fungi from Misiones to Produce Biofuels

Fungi from Misiones to Produce Biofuels

From the Institute of Biotechnology of Misiones (InBioMis), a researcher analyzes the production of cellulases (enzymes) through the use of native fungi from Misiones to produce bioethanol. The process carried out implies separating the fungus’ enzymes, adding them to cellulase in order to obtain glucose, which is fermented and permits to generate biofuel.

Aprovechamiento energético del recurso marino costero

Aprovechamiento energético del recurso marino costero

En el marco del Programa de Recursos Marinos (PROREMAR) que se desarrolla desde el Instituto de Desarrollo Costero, se trabaja en el proyecto de aprovechamiento energético del recurso marino costero de la región, con el objetivo de instalarlo en la sociedad y concientizar acerca de su importancia. Entre las metas del proyecto se cuenta obtener nuevas fuentes de energía que permitan mayor autonomía, diversificar la matriz, paliar el déficit de energía del país y disminuir las emisiones de CO2.

Dirección Nacional de Desarrollo Universitario y Voluntariado

Video channel 103