Universidad Argentina de la Empresa - Facultad de Comunicación
July 28, 2014 | 4 ′ 29 ′′
Researchers from the Instituto de Ciencias Sociales of the Universidad Argentina de la Empresa carried out a study which analyzed the causes and possible future consequences of the phenomenon of national, regional and world population ageing and elaborated a concrete proposal to improve and avoid social, economic and political risks. It is estimated that for 2050, 20% of the world population will be formed by people older than 60 years old.
Within the plan of scientific production 2013/2014, the Institute of Social Sciences of the UADE did a research work about population ageing in charge of Daniel Esteban, Professor researcher and responsible for the project with the collaboration of the Professor and researcher Miguel Ángel Acuña. “The twentieth century has been witness of a deep transformation in the world’s population and the current mirror reflects an ageing image in the population pyramid, that is, an increase in the age group older than 65 years old”, indicated to Argentina Investiga the BS Daniel Esteban.
The contemporary phenomenon of population ageing has many causes among which we can find higher life expectancy due to the advances of medical sciences and the efforts of the different governments to facilitate the access to public health; new marital unions which delay and reduce conception; high divorce rates; plain incorporation of women to the working market; absence of adequate family encouragement policies; high individualism and the elevation of personal aspirations and economic progress; increase in the price of houses in big cities; modern contraceptive techniques; improvement in the level of life; reduction of religious influence; economic crisis which affect marriage and fertility, among others.
The researcher Miguel Ángel Acuña, who collaborated with BS Esteban, contributes the data that “the projections of the Population Division of the UN indicate that for 2050, 20% of the world population (approximately 2,000 million people) will be formed by people older than 60 years old. And if we extend to 2100, the population of this human group will overcome young people, whose growing rate will be negative”.
“Latin America is not external to this phenomenon”, adds BS Daniel Esteban, “but although figures are not so worrying as in the old continent, the problem will sharpen. In the next 50 years, life expectancy will be 79.8 years old and the ageing index (the quotient between older than 60 years old and younger than 15) 76%”.
The work of analysis about population ageing phenomenon manifests that our country reports a population behavior similar to the world. According to the CEPAL, in 2012, people older than 60 years old represented 14.6% and in 2030 they will reach 18.3%. The consequences won’t be other than the deficits in the retirement systems by reduction of contribute actives, difficulties for the financing of health systems for their greater use, affectation of the national productive capacity, conflicts in the distribution of economic resources and reduction of social creativeness, among others.
“Not to be surprised by the negative effects of that phenomenon, our country should design, agree and apply public policies which preserve the efficiency of social security systems and health system’s services, encourage birth rate, extend active working stage, plan immigration of young people and encourage their retention, train older adults for new functions, generate adapted working profiles and encourage physical activity and healthy life”, said the researcher. “We have to change the conception of old age and build a more inclusive citizenship with old people, considering the lessons learned from societies which, like Japanese, are more advanced in these systems”, concluded.
The work manifests that the Argentinean future has to consider especially this population group and encourage research which facilitate the raising of awareness in our society in face of this challenge, “taking advantage of the strategic value of older adults as experts and actors”.
Cuesta González Andrés Martín
Lic. Lorena Ferraro, responsable de Prensa UADE
Coordinación de Investigaciones
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