Universidad Nacional de Lomas de Zamora - Facultad de Derecho
December 05, 2011 | 4 ′ 26 ′′
A group of work from the School of Law investigates the situation of the Patronato de Liberados of the province of Buenos Aires. The objective is to establish the connection between the resources of each delegation and the rate of repetition of crimes. The difference in the availability of resources in the delegation of the patronatos implies differences in the capacity to answer to the demands. The researchers try to make an integral surveying of the province.
The relation between the resources of the Patronato de Liberados of the province of Buenos Aires and the rate of criminal repetition constitutes the object of analysis of a team of researchers of the School of Law.
According to the Law of Buenos Aires criminal execution number 12,256, “the Patronato de Liberados is the institution in charge of people who, by the justice’s order, have to be under the tutelage, assistance, treatment and judicial control of this organism. In the same way, it is in charge of those who have served their sentences and still need or require social assistance or treatment”.
The working hypothesis of the researchers is that, in the province of Buenos Aires, the people who are under the tutelage or controlled by a delegation of the Patronato de Liberados which doesn’t have enough resources for an adequate social reinsertion have more possibilities of repeating criminal behaviors than those who are under the tutelage, assistance or control by a delegation of the Patronato de Liberados which have resources to provide for the same aim.
A reoffender is a person who commits a crime which he has already committed before in a period of time greater than 5 years and smaller than 10; if the person doesn’t fulfill these requisites, he is called reoffender. The study analyzes the freed reoffender as well as the repetitive, that is, those who having served a sentence in prison were freed and went to the Patronato de Liberados on Buenos Aires. In this way, when the person commits a new crime the person is put in prison again which can fit the reoffending parameters or not.
Regarding to what is designated as resources, the researchers take into account different classes, with the objective of making a comparison between knowledge and administration of the delegations. They evaluate the human resources: lawyers, physicians, psychologists, psychiatrists, teachers, social workers; the economic resources: food, money help, equipment, materials, tools; the abstract resources: job vacancies, small business financing; the building resources: all physical attention places for the people, and the informative, social and technological resources.
The project emerges from the every day observation of the work. “The delegations of the patronatos have different availability of different resources; this permits to infer the differences in the capacity to answer to the demands. This perception is the main material which feeds our hypothesis”, detailed to InfoUniversidades Carlos Alberto Cozzi, director of the research team.
The work tries to make an integral surveying of the Province and that is why it takes as samples zones of each region, respecting the distribution maps of the delegations of the Patronato de Liberados of Buenos Aires. With this objective, the researchers will analyze each one of the delegations to compare them between themselves and also to compare those of the Conurbano with those of the interior of the province.
The institution is divided into six regions, each one comprises different zones. In order to carry out the study, the following delegations are considered:
Region I: zone 3 (delegations I and II from San Martín) and zone 5 (Zárate)
Region II: zone 2 (delegations I, II and III from Almirante Brown)
Region III: zone 13 (Trenque Lauquen), zone 14 (Las Flores) and zone 15 (Olavarría)
Region IV: zone 16 and 17 (delegations I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII, and VIII from La Matanza)
Region V: zone 23 (General Pueyrredón, delegations I, II, III and IV from Mar del Plata)
Region VI: zone 30 (Alberti)
There participated in the work Ricardo Luis Machado, José Luis D’Abondio and Ariel Raúl Quintela, apart from the group of researchers integrated by Silvia Alejandra Durdos, Florencia Analía Gamba, Mariana Elizabeth Pintos.
Noelí Cristti / Julián López
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